The Different Types of Cryptocurrencies Out There – Detailed Guide

These days, virtually everyone is aware of cryptocurrencies and the manner in which they function in the “real world.” You have certainly heard of a variety of different cryptocurrencies, all of which are distinct from one another. However, not all of them are the same.

Certain of them are referred to as tokens, while others are referred to as altcoins. Some of them offer some benefits, while others are meant for charitable purposes. In this article, we will discuss such currencies in further detail.

The 3 Main Types of Cryptocurrencies

Coins are frequently used as a substitute for cryptocurrencies, although the term “cryptocurrency” refers to all of the many forms of digital currencies. It’s possible that you’ve also been familiar with the many phrases that are used to talk about different types of cryptocurrencies.

However, coins can be distinguished from altcoins in a number of ways. Because they are considered to be a substitute for Bitcoin, cryptocurrencies of all kinds besides Bitcoin are sometimes referred to collectively as altcoins. You can find this term being used almost everywhere.


Since most digital currencies have their own unique blockchain, it is possible to distinguish them from other cryptocurrencies. On a blockchain of this kind, they serve not just as the native token but also as the gas token. Nevertheless, a blockchain can have a separate cryptocurrency used to pay for the gas fees.

A nice illustration of this would be Bitcoin operating on the Bitcoin blockchain and Ether or ETH operating on the Ethereum blockchain. When it comes to building or establishing a cryptocurrency, the first step or step that comes along with it is the development of a blockchain. You can also use an existing blockchain; most coins typically use the BNB blockchain.


Tokens are some representation of a certain asset or service on a blockchain. Tokens may be used to buy and sell other tokens. It is possible to refer to any token as an “altcoin.” Nevertheless, these currencies may be distinguished from one another by the fact that they are built on top of some other blockchain and aren’t native to the network on which they were built.

They are programmed to ease the execution of smart contracts on blockchain networks such as Ethereum, and we’re able to move some of them from one chain to the other. Because the tokens are embedded in self-executing computer programs or codes, they are able to function independently of any platform managed by a third party. They are also interchangeable and may be traded. They are versatile enough to be used to symbolize everything from reward points and goods to other cryptocurrencies.

The developer is going to be required to adhere to a specific pattern whenever they are developing or programming a token. It is not necessary for the developer to make any changes to the blockchain or to build it from the beginning. All that is required of them is to adhere to a predetermined standard format. It is a more efficient process to produce a token.

When it comes to spreading and initially generating funds for initiatives that are issuing tokens, it used to be that Initial Coin Offerings, often known as ICOs, and Initial Exchange Offerings were the methods of choice. On the other hand, they may be distributed without the use of IEOs or ICOs.


Although each of them might be considered a coin in its own right, they are generally acknowledged to be competing for cryptocurrencies, with Bitcoin as the pioneering digital asset. With the exception of Ethereum, the majority of the initial cryptocurrencies were derived from Bitcoin. These cryptocurrencies are also referred to as shitcoins. For example, Dogecoin is a good example of this.

Having said that, other alternative cryptocurrencies have their own blockchains, including Ethereum and Ripple. On the other hand, some of them do not.

The Other Types Of Tokens

Utility Tokens

People often refer to utility tokens as discounts or tickets, but more technically speaking, they are digital entities that reflect a value on the blockchain. To put it another way, the token grants the user entry to a service or product that is managed or administered by the entity that issued the ticket. By purchasing the token, a user may get access to the item or service and then exchange it for a value that corresponds to their level of access.

The most important thing to grasp concerning them is that they are not financial goods and that they have the potential to decrease in value at the owner’s cost entirely.

Security Tokens

These really are coins that have been securitized, meaning that their value is derived from an outside object, and they may be exchanged in accordance with financial regulations as security. As a result, they are employed in the securitized tokenization of assets, bonds, equities, real estate, land, and several other currencies based on the current world.

Tokens that symbolize security reflect a stake and the ability to receive dividends from the asset that is being symbolized. Shareholders and owners are entitled to a portion of the profit generated as a result of the activities and choices of issuers or management. Equity tokens and asset-backed tokens are two subcategories that fall under the umbrella of security tokens.

Payment Tokens

As their name indicates, payment tokens are digital assets that enable users to purchase and sell products and services directly on digital marketplaces without the need for a middleman, as is customary in more conventional forms. Naturally, the overwhelming bulk of cryptocurrencies and tokens may be placed into this category, regardless of whether they are utility or security tokens. Nevertheless, not all utility tokens have the ability to function as payment tokens.

Exchange Tokens

There is still room for discussion over the nature of exchange tokens; yet, they have been given this moniker since they are issued by cryptocurrency exchanges and used on such exchanges. Cryptocurrency exchanges are online markets where users may buy, sell, and trade tokens.

Even while they may be used in contexts that are not native to their exchanges, our primary purpose for using them was to either act as a medium for the trading of many other tokens or as payments for the exchanges’ gas utilities. Exchanges use them as an incentive for users to participate in the projects so that the exchange can increase their liquidity.

Non-Fungible Tokens

A non-fungible token is an electronic proof of possession of a distinctive, non-replaceable object or one that is not exchangeable with the other and a one-of-a-kind asset that is stored on the blockchain. These tokens cannot be exchanged for other tokens.

It is created using the same mechanism that is used in the creation of other kinds of tokens, but its primary purpose is to represent a piece of artwork or, more generally speaking, anything that can be digitalized. The identifier is generated in such a way that it can’t be swapped out for another one.

They provide the bearer with the opportunity to acquire a unique object that is of limited quantity, originality, or edition. The issues could be available in a limited edition due to their high value, or it may be impossible to replicate or copy them. The most desirable non-fungible tokens are those that can only be owned by a single individual or a small group.


Because of the structure of these tokens, their worth is reasonably predictable in the idea that it stays the same practically all of the time. This lends credence to the notion that they are, as the name says, tokens of a steady value in essence. Stable tokens, which are more often known as stablecoins, are digital currencies that are supported by an asset with a consistent value, such as fiat currency.

DeFi Tokens

Anyone who has access to the internet may make use of these DeFi applications. Each individual DeFi app has its own token economy, and this economy is supported by its own native token. These tokens are a sort of customizable money, which means that programmers have the ability to incorporate reasoning into the payment and transaction processes.

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DeFi refers to financial applications or dApps based on the blockchain, making them decentralized, and rendering financial and money management directly to the user while enabling worldwide peer-to-peer transactions and access to international marketplaces.

Privacy Tokens

These are cryptocurrencies that are used for secrecy applications, as the name indicates. This is due to the fact that their programming supports more privacy than Bitcoin and other popular cryptocurrencies.

However, better privacy in cryptocurrency transactions is desirable for a variety of reasons, including a person’s right to privacy, the conduct of sensitive transactions, and the conduct of security inquiries; nevertheless, cryptocurrencies are also used in fraudulent and illegal activities.

These currencies make use of a variety of mechanisms, including currency mixing, anonymity methods, and offline transactions, in order to guarantee the confidentiality of user transactions. This comes in addition to the methods that are used in conventional cryptography, such as the absence of a tie between real-world identities and crypto identities and the encrypting of blockchain data.

Asset-backed Tokens

There is a subset of cryptocurrencies known as asset-backed tokens. These tokens have a fundamental value that is backed by a valuable addition. This asset may be another form of currency, stock, bonds, or precious money. They are employed to record and exchange value for financial funds digitally, but blockchains are the platform on which these activities take place.

Because of the nature of the deals involving the underlying assets, the vast majority of these are presented in the form of security tokens. The majority of them are distributed via an offering called equity tokens (ETO).


According to these criteria, security tokens are the greatest kind of tokens to invest in; nonetheless, almost all payment tokens are excellent for use in an investment capacity. The only difference is that utility tokens are not supported by legislation. As a result, there is no one to blame if an acquisition turns out to be a terrible idea.

People will catch on to it long before it becomes widespread if it is a hoax. Because this directly impacts demand, usability, and utility, the majority of utility token projects rely on maintaining their credibility with their investors to remain viable in the market.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the main types of cryptocurrencies?

Utility, payment, security, and stablecoins are the four primary categories of cryptocurrencies. In addition to this, there are asset-backed tokens, NFTs, and DeFi tokens. Tokens designed for use as utilities or mediums of exchange are the most widespread kind of cryptocurrency. These investments are not guaranteed or insured by any kind of government regulation.

Which cryptocurrency type is the best to invest in?

You should check security tokens, asset-backed tokens, NFTs, and DeFi tokens if you are trying to decide which sort of cryptocurrency would be ideal for you to invest in. It is important to carry out one’s own study to assess the coin’s basics as well as its upside potential, and it is also necessary to seek financial advice if it is required.

What are the most well-known cryptocurrencies out there?

Bitcoin, Ethereum, Tether, USD Coin, BNB, and XRP are among the most well-known cryptocurrencies on the market today in terms of their respective market capitalizations. Bitcoin is the cryptocurrency that stands out from the others as having the most respectable reputation and the highest market capitalization. On the other hand, it would not be a bad idea to have a look at the other coins on this page.


  • When it comes to building or establishing a cryptocurrency, the first step or step that comes along with it is the development of a blockchain.
  • Stablecoins, utility cryptocurrencies, payment cryptocurrencies, and security cryptocurrencies are the four basic kinds of cryptocurrencies.
  • Tokens designed for use as utilities or as mediums of exchange are by far the most widespread kind of cryptocurrency.
  • You should check security tokens, asset-backed tokens, NFTs, and DeFi tokens if you are trying to decide which sort of cryptocurrency would be ideal for you to invest.
  • Bitcoin, Ethereum, Tether, USD Coin, BNB, and XRP are among the most well-known cryptocurrencies on the market today in terms of their market capitalizations.
  • Bitcoin is the cryptocurrency that stands out from the others as having the most respectable reputation and the highest market capitalization.